- On 23 August 1897, in Basle (Basel), Switzerland, Theodor Herzl convened the first World Zionist Congress representing Jewish communities and organizations throughout the world. The congress established the World Zionist Organization (WZO) and founded an effective, modern, political, Jewish national movement enunciating that "Zionism seeks to establish a home for the Jewish people in Palestine secured under public law." Zionism rejected other solutions to the Jewish Question and was the response to centuries of discrimination, persecution, and oppression. It sought redemption through self-determination. Herzl argued in Der Juden-staat: "Let the sovereignty be granted us over a portion of the globe large enough to satisfy the rightful requirements of a nation; the rest we shall manage for ourselves."For the attainment of the aims of the Basle Program, the congress envisaged the promotion of the settlement of Palestine by Jewish agriculturalists, artisans, and trades people; the organization and unification of the whole of Jewry by means of appropriate local and general institutions in accordance with the laws of each country; the strengthening of Jewish national sentiment and national consciousness; and preparatory steps toward securing the consent of governments, which is necessary to attain the aim of Zionism.
Historical Dictionary of Israel. Bernard Reich David H. Goldberg. Edited by Jon Woronoff..
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BASLE PROGRAM — BASLE PROGRAM, original official program of the Zionist Organization, named after the city where the First Zionist Congress (see zionism ) was held (August 23–31, 1897), and where the program was formulated and adopted. Its first sentence,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BASLE — (Basel, Bâle), Swiss city. The earliest information on a Jewish community dates from the beginning of the 13th century when Basle was still a German free city. The medieval Jewish cemetery was discovered in recent years and the remains were… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
HELSINGFORS PROGRAM — HELSINGFORS PROGRAM, a system of Zionist policy and activities in Russia and other Diaspora countries adopted at the third conference of Russian Zionists, which took place in Helsingfors (Helsinki) on Dec. 4–10, 1906. The Finnish capital was… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Jerusalem Program — In 1968, the World Zionist Organization adopted the Jerusalem Program, which essentially replaced the Basle Program of 1897. The Jerusalem Program provided, The aims of Zionism are: The Unity of the Jewish people in its historic homeland Eretz … Historical Dictionary of Israel
ZIONISM — This article is arranged according to the following outline: the word and its meaning forerunners ḤIBBAT ZION ROOTS OF ḤIBBAT ZION background to the emergence of the movement the beginnings of the movement PINSKER S AUTOEMANCIPATION settlement… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ZIONIST CONGRESSES — ZIONIST CONGRESSES, the highest authority in the Zionist Organization; created by theodor herzl . None of the previous attempts to convene general assemblies of the Jewish national movement, some of which were successful and some abortive,… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
World Zionist Organization — (WZO) The official organization of the Zionist Movement founded at the initiative of Theodor Herzl at the first Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland, in August 1897. The WZO conducted the political, economic, and settlement activities… … Historical Dictionary of Israel
MIZRACHI — (term coined from some of the letters of the Hebrew words merkaz ruḥani, spiritual center), religious Zionist movement whose aim was expressed in its motto: The Land of Israel for the people of Israel according to the Torah of Israel (coined by… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Homeland for the Jewish people — For the ongoing debate as to the nature of the State of Israel, see Jewish state. Jews, largely Holocaust survivors, in search of a homeland, aboard the SS Exodus A homeland for the Jewish people was an idea that rose to the fore in the 19th… … Wikipedia
Mandate Palestine — Mandate for Palestine الانتداب البريطاني على فلسطين המנדט הבריטי על פלשתינה א י Mandate of the United Kingdom ← … Wikipedia